Greenwood Paper Special Issue

Romania's Civil-Military Transition: Democratising Civilian Control

Adriana Stanescu
56 pages, ISBN 90-76301-06-2 (3 1999)

Romania wanted to be among the first wave of former communist countries to join NATO. However, while the Poles, Czechs and Hungarians passed the entrance examination, the Romanians failed to do so. That may have been because democratic control of the armed forces is not yet firmly established in post-Ceaucescu Romania. Adriana Stanescu, a diplomat now at the OSCE, underlines that, though many important basic reforms have been introduced in recent years, legislative oversight of the military remains poorly developed. Much has to be done if the degree of transparency and accountability in relation to security matters is to be brought up to Western European standards. The author describes the transition from a monocratic, dictatorial system of civil-military relations to a more pluralist, democratic pattern by analysing the institutional control, military reforms, defence industry, military society, and the mixed role of international co-operation. According to Stanescu, further stages of reform must close the loopholes in the legislative framework, consolidate the institutional network and support an effective civilianisation of defence policy.

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